Lack of association of DRD2 rs1800497 (Taq1A) polymorphism with smoking cessation in a nicotine replacement therapy randomized trial.
Munafò MR., Johnstone EC., Murphy MF., Aveyard P.
INTRODUCTION: We previously reported evidence that the T allele of the dopamine type-2 receptor (DRD2) rs1800497 polymorphism is associated with improved response to nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) relative to placebo and that this association may only be present in females. However, evidence of the poor replication validity of genetic association studies is growing, particularly among those that report subgroup analyses. We therefore attempted to replicate our previous finding of an association between the DRD2 rs1800497 genotype and response to NRT in a new, larger cohort, with greater statistical power. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to one of two levels of smoking cessation behavioral support (usual care vs. weekly support). All participants received 8 weeks of 15-mg NRT transdermal patch. RESULTS: The presence of one or more T alleles was associated with a slightly but not significantly lower likelihood of abstinence at 3 and 6 months. We found evidence of a genotype x sex interaction effect. However, stratified analyses indicated a main effect of genotype opposite to the effect reported previously, with females carrying one or more copies of the T allele less likely to be abstinent. DISCUSSION: Our results do not support an association between the DRD2 rs1800497 (Taq1A) polymorphism and response to NRT, contrary to our previous study.