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OBJECTIVES: We explored the risky driving behaviors and risk perceptions of a cohort of young novice drivers and sought to determine their associations with crash risk. METHODS: Provisional drivers aged 17 to 24 (n = 20 822) completed a detailed questionnaire that included measures of risk perception and behaviors; 2 years following recruitment, survey data were linked to licensing and police-reported crash data. Poisson regression models that adjusted for multiple confounders were created to explore crash risk. RESULTS: High scores on questionnaire items for risky driving were associated with a 50% increased crash risk (adjusted relative risk = 1.51; 95% confidence interval = 1.25, 1.81). High scores for risk perception (poorer perceptions of safety) were also associated with increased crash risk in univariate and multivariate models; however, significance was not sustained after adjustment for risky driving. CONCLUSIONS: The overrepresentation of youths in crashes involving casualties is a significant public health issue. Risky driving behavior is strongly linked to crash risk among young drivers and overrides the importance of risk perceptions. Systemwide intervention, including licensing reform, is warranted.

Original publication

DOI

10.2105/AJPH.2008.150367

Type

Journal article

Journal

Am J Publ Health

Publication Date

2009

Volume

99

Pages

1638 - 1644

Keywords

Accidents, Traffic/*psychology Adolescent Automobile Driving/psychology/*statistics & numerical data Female *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Humans Internet Male New South Wales Prospective Studies Questionnaires Risk Assessment *Risk-Taking Safety/statistics & numerical data *Social Perception Young Adult