Relationship of sperm small heat-shock protein 10 and voltage-dependent anion channel 2 with semen freezability in boars.
Vilagran I., Yeste M., Sancho S., Casas I., Rivera del Álamo MM., Bonet S.
Freezability differences between boar ejaculates exist, but there is no useful method to predict the ejaculate freezability before sperm cryopreservation takes place. In this context, the present study sought to determine whether the amounts of small heat-shock protein 10 (also known as outer dense fiber protein 1) (ODF1/HSPB10) and voltage-dependent anion channel 2 (VDAC2) may be used as boar sperm freezability markers. With this aim, 26 boar ejaculates were split into two fractions: one for protein extraction and the other for cryopreservation purposes. Ejaculates were subsequently classified into two groups (good freezability ejaculates [GFE] and poor freezability ejaculates [PFE]) based on viability and sperm motility assessments after 30 and 240 minutes of after thawing. Although the VDAC2 amounts, analyzed through Western blot, were significantly higher (P < 0.01) in GFE (1.15 ± 0.18 density mm(2)) than in PFE (0.16 ± 0.03 density mm(2)), no significant differences were observed in ODF1/HSPB10 between both groups (i.e., 1.97 ± 0.38 density mm(2) in GFE vs. 1.87 ± 1.54 density mm(2) in PFE). In addition, principal component and multiple regression analyses indicated that the component explaining most of the variance (78.41%) in ejaculate freezability at 240 minutes after thawing resulted to be significantly (P < 0.05) correlated with VDAC2 content. This result revealed that the amounts of VDAC2 but not those of ODF1/HSPB10 may be used to predict the freezability of a given boar ejaculate before starting cryopreservation procedures.