Effects of filtration of semen doses from subfertile boars through neuter Sephadex columns.
Bussalleu E., Pinart E., Rivera MM., Arias X., Briz M., Sancho S., García-Gil N., Bassols J., Pruneda A., Yeste M., Casas I., Rigau T., Rodriguez-Gil JE., Bonet S.
This study was designed to develop a method of improving the quality of sperm obtained from subfertile Piétrain boars. Seminal doses were filtered through neuter Sephadex columns (G-25 Medium, G-50 Fine, G-50 Medium and G-75, length 10 +/- 0.5 cm, flow rate 1 ml/20 s). Doses were prepared by pooling 10 ml semen samples collected from 58 asthenoteratospermic boars and diluted the sperm-cell rich fraction 1 : 6 in Betsville thawing solution extender. Sperm quality was determined before and after the filtering process. Sperm morphology and motility were assessed using the computer program SCA 2002 production, and sperm vitality was evaluated by fluorescence multistaining. ORT and HRT tests were used to determine the osmotic resistance of spermatozoa, and metabolic performance was assessed by measuring l-lactate production. Results indicate that the filtration process rendered increased proportions of mature spermatozoa and of viable spermatozoa with an intact acrosome, nucleus and mitochondrial sheath. Sperm filtration led to decreased percentages of spermatozoa with proximal and distal droplets and of agglutinated spermatozoa, along with slightly diminished ORT values. HRT scores and L-lactate production were unaffected. Our findings indicate that filtering through a Sephadex column improves the sperm morphology and vitality of seminal doses obtained from subfertile boars, but produces no functional changes in the spermatozoa. All four column types yielded similar results.