Effect of culture conditions on the obtention of boar epididymal epithelial cell monolayers.
Bassols J., Kádár E., Briz M., Pinart E., Sancho S., Garcia-Gil N., Badia E., Pruneda A., Bussalleu E., Yeste M., Casas I., Bonet S.
The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of the collagenase digestion time, the initial density of fragments and the culture temperature on the obtention of a boar epididymal epithelial cell culture, which is a useful methodology for the study of epididymal functions. A confluent monolayer of caput, corpus and cauda epididymal epithelial cells was only obtained when an adequate enzymatic digestion of the connective tissue surrounding the epididymal tubule was performed. For the correct digestion of caput and corpus fragments two collagenase digestions of 2 and 1h, respectively, were enough. Cauda fragments, however, needed two collagenase digestions of 3h each. A confluent monolayer of caput, corpus and cauda epididymal epithelial cells was obtained regardless of the initial density tested (15, 30, 60 and 90fragments/well). However, cultures originated from 15 and 30fragments/well showed higher cell concentration during the first 2 weeks of culture than cultures originated from 60 and 90fragments/well. A confluent monolayer of caput, corpus and cauda epididymal epithelial cells was obtained at both 32 and 37 degrees Celsius, but at 32 degrees Celsius cells grew very slowly and confluence was not reached until a week later than it was with cells growing at 37 degrees Celsius. In conclusion, we have observed that the time of digestion with collagenase is an important factor for the successful establishment of boar epididymal cell monolayers, and that the initial density of fragments and the culture temperature should be taken into account.