Outcome of antenatally diagnosed abdominal wall defects.
Fratelli N., Papageorghiou AT., Bhide A., Sharma A., Okoye B., Thilaganathan B.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the natural history and detailed outcome of antenatally diagnosed abdominal wall defects. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of the antenatal reports, pediatric surgery records and subsequent follow-up information of all cases of omphalocele and gastroschisis diagnosed in a 10-year period in our tertiary referral center. RESULTS: There were 109 cases of abdominal wall defects, including omphalocele in 67 cases and gastroschisis in 42 cases. Of the 67 cases of omphalocele there were 26 (39%) with chromosomal abnormalities and 22 (33%) underwent termination of pregnancy, mainly for associated structural abnormalities. Of the ongoing 19 cases there were five (26%) in-utero deaths, 12 (63%) survivors and two (11%) neonatal deaths, both associated with prematurity. Excluding chromosomal abnormalities, the survival rate in isolated omphalocele was 7/16 (44%) whilst it was 5/25 (20%) in those with associated abnormalities. Gastroschisis was isolated in 40 (95%) cases. Among these 40 isolated cases there were two (5%) terminations. Of the 38 ongoing cases, there were two (5%) in-utero deaths, and 36 (95%) live births. Four of the 36 liveborn infants (11%) died in the postoperative period owing to complications of small bowel atresia. CONCLUSIONS: Although only 18% of infants with antenatally diagnosed omphalocele were alive in the neonatal period, postoperative morbidity was low. The majority (90%) of fetuses with antenatally diagnosed gastroschisis survived to delivery, but the mortality in affected newborns was 11%.