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Pathogenic mitochondrial tRNA (mt-tRNA) gene mutations represent a prominent cause of primary mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-related disease despite accounting for only 5%-10% of the mitochondrial genome.(1,2) Although some common mt-tRNA mutations, such as the m.3243A>G mutation, exist, the majority are rare and have been reported in only a small number of cases.(3) The MT-TP gene, encoding mt-tRNA(Pro), is one of the less polymorphic mt-tRNA genes, and only 5 MT-TP mutations have been reported as a cause of mitochondrial muscle disease to date (table e-1 at Neurology.org/ng, P6-10). We report 5 patients with myopathic phenotypes, each harboring different pathogenic mutations in the MT-TP gene, highlighting the importance of MT-TP mutations as a cause of mitochondrial muscle disease and the requirement to study clinically relevant tissue.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Neurology. Genetics

Publication Date

08/2016

Volume

2

Pages

e82 - e82

Addresses

Wellcome Trust Centre for Mitochondrial Research, Institute of Neuroscience (S.A.H., E.L.B., A.I.P., M.C.R., S.A., G.F., Y.S.N., D.M.T., G.S.G., R.W.T.), The Medical School, Institute of Genetic Medicine (R.H.), Newcastle University; Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (J.P.), University of Oxford; Department of Neurology (M.R.R.), King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London; Departments of Neurology and Neuropathology (O.O., N.B.), Cork University Hospital, Ireland; and The Walton Centre for Neurology and Neurosurgery (C.F.D.), Liverpool, UK.