Pigmentary retinopathy, rod-cone dysfunction and sensorineural deafness associated with a rare mitochondrial tRNA(Lys) (m.8340G>A) gene variant.
Gill JS., Hardy SA., Blakely EL., Hopton S., Nemeth AH., Fratter C., Poulton J., Taylor RW., Downes SM.
BACKGROUND/AIM: The rare mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variant m.8340G>A has been previously reported in the literature in a single, sporadic case of mitochondrial myopathy. In this report, we aim to investigate the case of a 39-year-old male patient with sensorineural deafness who presented to the eye clinic with nyctalopia, retinal pigmentary changes and bilateral cortical cataracts. METHODS: The patient was examined clinically and investigated with autofluorescence, full-field electroretinography, electro-oculogram and dark adaptometry. Sequencing of the mitochondrial genome in blood and muscle tissue was followed by histochemical and biochemical analyses together with single fibre studies of a muscle biopsy to confirm a mitochondrial aetiology. RESULTS: Electrophysiology, colour testing and dark adaptometry showed significant photoreceptor dysfunction with macular involvement. Sequencing the complete mitochondrial genome revealed a rare mitochondrial tRNA(Lys) (MTTK) gene variant-m.8340G>A-which was heteroplasmic in blood (11%) and skeletal muscle (65%) and cosegregated with cytochrome c oxidase-deficient fibres in single-fibre studies. CONCLUSION: We confirm the pathogenicity of the rare mitochondrial m.8340G>A variant the basis of single-fibre segregation studies and its association with an expanded clinical phenotype. Our case expands the phenotypic spectrum of diseases associated with mitochondrial tRNA point mutations, highlighting the importance of considering a mitochondrial diagnosis in similar cases presenting to the eye clinic and the importance of further genetic testing if standard mutational analysis does not yield a result.